Tails и рабочий стол GNOME включают технологии поддержки пользователей с ограниченными возможностями и особыми потребностями, а также взаимодействия с распространёнными поддерживающими устройствами.

Accessibility menu

You can activate several assistive technologies, like a screen reader or large text, from the accessibility menu in the top bar, the accessiblity menu icon that looks like a person.

Accessibility menu with the following options, all disabled
by default: High Contrast, Zoom, Large Text, Screen Reader, Screen Keyboard,
Visual Alters, Sticky Keys, Slow Keys, Bounce Keys, and Mouse Keys

These technologies are documented in more details in GNOME Help: Accessibility.

Keyboard shortcuts

Turn screen reader on or offAlt+Super+S
Turn zoom on or offAlt+Super+8

To access the accessibility menu using the keyboard:

  1. Нажмите Ctrl+Alt+Tab для управления верхней панелью с клавиатуры.

  2. Use the arrow keys on the keyboard to select the accessibility menu.

  3. Для открытия меню нажмите Enter.

  4. Используйте кнопки вверх и вниз для выбора пунктов меню.

  5. Для переключения пункта меню нажмите пробел.

  6. Для выхода из меню нажмите Esc.

Screen reader

To hear screen elements spoken to you, turn on the Screen Reader from the accessibility menu (accessiblity menu).

GNOME Help: Orca Screen Reader

Screen keyboard

If you prefer a pointing device over the keyboard, turn on the Screen Keyboard from the accessibility menu (accessiblity menu).

You can also use the screen keyboard to protect against hardware keyloggers by avoiding to use the actual keyboard.

If a keylogger has been physically installed on the computer, your passwords, personal information, and other data typed on the keyboard could be stored and accessed by someone else, even if you are using Tails.

For an example, see KeeLog: KeyGrabber forensic keylogger getting started.

Keyloggers are more likely on public computers, in internet cafés or libraries, and on desktop computers, where a device is easier to hide.

Reducing risks when using untrusted computers

The screen keyboard doesn't work in a Root Terminal. (#18061)

Instead, open a Terminal and execute the following command to log in as root:

sudo -i

The screen keyboard doesn't work in Kleopatra, Electrum, and KeePassXC. (#19695)

Instead, you can use the screen keyboard in the Text Editor first, then cut and paste into one of these applications.